Population of Samdrup Jonkghar
The Dzongkhag has a population of 35.960 and a total of 7.453 households (2009).
About 26% live in urban areas.
Size of Samdrup Jonkghar
Samdrup Jongkhar Dzongkhag has a total area of 1.878,79 sq. km with elevations ranging from 200m to 3.600m above sea level.
The district comprises of eleven 'gewogs', or counties: Martshalla, Pemathang, Phuntsothang, Samrang, Lauri, Serthi, Lanchenphu, Gomdar, Wangphu, Orong, and Dewathang.
Primary Agricultural Output
The most commonly grown crop in Samdrup Jongkhar is maize. The production, however, seems to be irregular. The greatest production in the last 10 years was in 2005 with 17.045 mT (21,29% of the whole Bhutan). In 2009, the production was 4.345 mT (7,11% of the whole Bhutan). The cereal that generated the highest income in 2008 was rice. Out of the twenty Dzongkhags in Bhutan, Samdrup Jongkhar is ranked as the 8th most vulnerable to food insecurity.
In Samdrup Jongkhar, 77.3% of the land area is under forest cover. There is a total of 497 community forest management groups. 94,73% of the community forests is dedicated to non-wood forest products (NWFP). The primary mechanism to cope with food shortage in Samdrup Jongkhar is the sale of NWFP (78.95% of the households).
Samdrup Jongkhar being one of the gateways to Bhutan and commercial hub for the eastern region, it accounts for 4.6% of the total industrial licenses. There are 19 agro-based, 22 forest-based, 5 mineral-based, 797 service-based and 365 contract-based industries in the Dzongkhag.
Schools in Samdrup Jongkhar
There are 24 schools in the Samdrup Jongkhar region, from primary to middle secondary. Five of those schools are in Dewathang.
In Samdrup Jongkhar the overall literacy rate is 54,8%, very close to the national average of 56%. The female literacy rate in Samdrup Jongkhar is 44,2%, and the male literacy rate is 65,4%, once again quite close to the national averages of 46% and 66% respectively. (BLSS 2007)